Mission To become a national research and development entity of world-class technology capability, based principally on the application of radiation science and off-the-shelf accelerator technology. IAC's principal aims are to gain new knowledge; to train the scientists and engineers who can apply the new knowledge to a diverse set of complex, real-world problems; and to speed the transfer of research results to stakeholder communities. History The Idaho Accelerator Center (IAC) is the result of the Nuclear Science Application Project (NSAP), a successful effort begun by Idaho State University (ISU) in the late 1980's to develop strength in nuclear-based applied research. NSAP began in 1988 when the ISU Physics Department established the Particle Beam Laboratory. This operation expanded with the addition of physics faculty and equipment and with the addition of the Small Accelerator Facility in 1992. The organization became a State approved research center, the IAC, in 1994. Among the original projects was construction of a State funded building designed to provide office and laboratory space to house the former DOE "Santa Barbara LINAC" , a famous accelerator which had been used by Los Alamos, Sandia and other national laboratories to support nuclear weapons testing. The Idaho Accelerator Center Building was completed in October 1998 and dedicated on April 30, 1999. By 2000 the IAC had about 20,000 sq. ft. of laboratory space. The latest additions to the IAC were completed in the summer of 2004. The complex now has some 40,000 sq. ft. of laboratory and office space along with 15 acres of open land for field testing. During the founding period and to the present there has been cooperation between the IAC and the DOE for a wide range of joint activities, governed by a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU). This document codifies a collaborative effort between INEEL, ISU, and the DOE and allows the placement of DOE owned equipment at ISU. The MOU provides for a relationship under which the IAC houses the DOE owned equipment, but uses ISU facilities and personnel for operation, maintenance and health and safety guidance. A significant advantage of this agreement is easy access to this equipment and university owned equipment by universities, government agencies, and the private sector in a unique research environment. This environment centralizes equipment in a convenient location fostering inexpensive research and development and rapid testing for integrated demonstration development and transfer of technology. The IAC is self funded through research grants, contracts, and user charges.